the elpat working group on organ trade and trafficking

We are member of the ELPAT Working Group on Organ Trade and Trafficking. ELPAT is the platform on Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects of Transplantation. ELPAT was founded at Erasmus MC's Dpt. of Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation in 2008 by Prof. Dr. Willem Weimar and now functions as a subsection of the European Society for Organ Transplantation (ESOT). 

The ELPAT Working Group on Organ Trade and Trafficking is an international expert group that consists of researchers, legal scholars, transplant professionals, police officers and prosecutors. This group was the driving force behind the HOTT project. Its tasks include developing project proposals on the organ trade, writing reports and publications, advising stakeholders and developing responses against organ trade and trafficking. The group convenes 1-2 times per year.

The group recently launced a Call for a Special Issue on the Human Organ Trade in the Journal 'Crime, Law and Social Change'.

If you conduct research on the organ trade and/or have (had) experience investigating, prosecuting or deciding on this activity, and wish to become a member, please contact us.


The group consists of the following members:

  • Dr. Ana Manzano (chair)
  • Dr. Frederike Ambagtsheer (co-chair)
  • Dr. Meteb AlBugami
  • Dr. Igor Codreanu
  • Dr. Sean Columb
  • Mr. Gilad Erlich
  • Prof. Dr. Ninoslav Ivanovski
  • Mr. Aonghus Kelly
  • Dr. Monir Moniruzzaman
  • Mr. Rob Radstok
  • Mrs. Iris Visser
  • Dr. Farhan Navid Yousaf


  • Manzano, A. (2023) Global health disparities and trafficking of human beings for the purpose of organ removal. In De Chesnay, M & Sabella, D. Human Trafficking: A Global Emergency Perspectives in Nursing, Criminal Justice, and the Social Sciences. Springer. Chapter 16. In press
  • Ambagtsheer, F., et al. (2022). "Kidneys for Sale? A Commentary on Moeindarbari’s and Feizi’s Study on the Iranian Model." Transplant International 35.
  • Columb, S. (2020). Trading Life: Organ Trafficking, Illicit Networks, and Exploitation, Stanford University Press.
  • Moniruzzaman, M. (2019). ""The Heavier Selves": Embodied and Subjective Suffering of Organ Sellers in Bangladesh." Ethos 47(2): 233-253.
  • Moniruzzaman, M. (2019). "The trade in human liver lobes: bioviolence against organ sellers in Bangladesh." J. R. Anthropol. Inst. 25(3): 566-586.
  • AlBugami, M. M., et al. (2018). "Transplant tourism following the declaration of Istanbul: Poor outcomes and nephrologist dilemma." Nephrology 23(12): 1139-1144.
  • Columb, S. (2017). "Disqualified Bodies: A Sociolegal Analysis of the Organ Trade in Cairo, Egypt." Law & Society Review 51(2): 282-312.
  • Columb, S., et al. (2017). "Re-conceptualizing the organ trade: separating “trafficking” from “trade” and the implications for law and policy." Transplant Int 30(2): 209-213.
  • Columb, S. (2017). "Excavating the Organ Trade: An Empirical Study of Organ Trading Networks in Cairo, Egypt." British Journal of Criminology 57(6): 1301-1321.
  • Ivanovski, N., et al. (2016). "The sad story of kidney buyers on the Balkans." Transplantation 100(7): S809-S809.
  • Yousaf, F. N. and B. Purkayastha (2016). "Social world of organ transplantation, trafficking, and policies." J Public Health Policy 37(2): 190-199.
  • Yousaf, F. N. and B. Purkayastha (2015). "‘I am only half alive’: Organ trafficking in Pakistan amid interlocking oppressions." International Sociology 30(6): 637-653.
  • Columb, S. (2015). "Beneath the organ trade: a critical analysis of the organ trafficking discourse." Crime, Law and Social Change 63(1-2): 21-47.
  • Manzano, A., et al. (2014). "The invisible issue of organ laundering." Transplantation 98(6): 600-603.
  • Codreanu, I. and N. Codreanu (2013). "A Study of Renal Outcomes in the Victims of Organ Trafficking." Transpl. Int. 26: 190-190.
  • Moniruzzaman, M. (2012). ""Living Cadavers" in Bangladesh: Bioviolence in the Human Organ Bazaar." Med Anthropol Q 26(1): 69-91.
  • Ivanovski, N., et al. (2011). "The outcome of commercial kidney transplant tourism in Pakistan." Clinical Transplantation 25(1): 171-173.